WATCH: Hunter Hayes reflects on meeting Bublé, not feeling ‘Invisible’

ABOVE: Watch Hunter Hayes appear on Global’s The Morning Show.

TORONTO — Country star Hunter Hayes ended his week-long visit to Canada on Friday by singing the praises of homegrown crooner Michael Bublé.

“I’m a huge fan,” said Hayes, who was invited to hang out backstage with Bublé in Edmonton.

“I was so excited because I’ve always wanted to meet him.”

During an appearance on Global’s The Morning Show, Hayes said he has seen Bublé perform several times.

“He’s a cool guy on stage and you assume that that’s who he really is because he’s funny, he’s just cool and goofy — and he was even cooler,” Hayes said. “He was so cool, like so chill. I had to tell him, ‘dude you have no idea how nervous I am.’”

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Hayes is a Louisiana native who blasted onto the music scene in 2011 with a hit self-titled debut album — that came after five independent releases — and singles like “Wanted” and “Somebody’s Heartbreak.” He earned three Grammy nominations and an opening slot on Carrie Underwood’s tour.

His sophomore release, Storyline, includes the hit “Invisible” which has resonated with everyone from bullying victims to gay teens.

Hayes said the song is based on personal experience.

“I’m a music geek, self-proclaimed. I always have been, I always will be,” he explained. “That’s kind of my place but it took me awhile to figure out that that was OK. For a long time … I was an outcast and I didn’t really have a place to fit in.”

Hunter Hayes appears on ‘The Morning Show’ on June 27, 2014.

John R. Kennedy / Global News

The singer said he found his place thanks to his fans.

“I can be myself and feel like myself and share what it is that I’m passionate about,” said Hayes. “I want to share that story, from seeing that thing that makes you different from a bad thing to a good thing.

“I want to share that with anybody who’s maybe been through something similar or going through something now.”

Hayes is only just getting started.

“This is my world,” he said. “This is all I ever dreamed about.”

World’s largest aircraft returns to Edmonton

Watch above: The world’s biggest aircraft is at the Edmonton International Airport tonight. Vinesh Pratap gives us a closer look.

EDMONTON – It can carry 45 African elephants. Or seven humpback whales. Or more than the equivalent of three fully-loaded 737s.

The Antonov An-225 is the longest, heaviest airplane in the world – and is the only one of its kind.

Built in Ukraine in the 1980s, the An-225 was originally designed to carry the Soviet Union’s space shuttle, but now charters oversized cargo across the globe.

On Friday morning the plane landed at the Edmonton International Airport, to deliver a new waste heat boiler for Agrium’s nitrogen fertilizer operation near Redwater, AB.

WATCH: The An-225 lands at the Edmonton International Airport, live on the Morning News. 

The boiler was made in Berlin, Germany. It was then transported by barge, truck and then flown by the An-225 across the Atlantic to Edmonton. Logistics company DB Schenker of Canada organized the international move.

This is not the first time the  An-225 has touched down in Edmonton. In March of 2010, the plane was chartered by the U.S. military to bring supplies from Edmonton-based Canadian Helicopters to Afghanistan. It picked up 50 tonnes of supplies, including three helicopters. In November of 2007, the plane delivered three armoured vehicles for military training.

BELOW: Photos of the plane’s arrival

The Antonov An-225, world’s largest plane, at the Edmonton International Airport Friday morning.

Morris Gamblin / Global News

People waiting to see the Antonov An-225, world’s largest plane, land at the Edmonton International Airport Friday morning.

Vinesh Pratap / Global News

The Antonov An-225, world’s largest plane, at the Edmonton International Airport Friday morning.

Vinesh Pratap / Global News

The Antonov An-225, world’s largest plane, at the Edmonton International Airport Friday morning.

Vinesh Pratap / Global News

The Antonov An-225, world’s largest plane, at the Edmonton International Airport Friday morning.

Vinesh Pratap / Global News

The Antonov An-225, world’s largest plane, at the Edmonton International Airport Friday morning.

Vinesh Pratap / Global News

The Antonov An-225, world's largest plane, at the Edmonton International Airport Friday morning.

Morris Gamblin / Global News

WATCH: On Saturday, it could be seen taking off from the Edmonton International Airport.

Some interesting facts:

Powered by six turbofan enginesMax speed: 850 km/hLength: 84 m (275 ft.)Wingspan: 88 m (290 ft.)Empty weight: 285 tonnesMax. takeoff weight: 640 tonnesCrew: six peopleCost to build another An-225 (est. in 2011): Over $300 million, and would take three years

More to come…

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School’s out for summer – so drivers better slow down – Edmonton

EDMONTON – No more pencils. No more books. Tens of thousands of Edmonton students are now on summer break. That means drivers are being cautioned to pay more attention, especially near playgrounds, parks and residential areas.

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    Police work to curb distracted driving

  • 19-year-old charged in Whyte Avenue pedestrian death

  • Distracted driving tickets for drivers taking crash photos

“These little guys, they don’t think when they are playing,” said Cst. Tedd Benesch, a traffic enforcement officer with the Edmonton Police Service. “The ball goes out on the road – they’re going after it. If mom calls them across the street – they don’t think to look both ways before they go. It’s up to us to be more vigilant as parents and drivers, and watch for them.”

Police say pedestrian and cyclist injury collisions go up in the summer.

“Nine out of the 23 traffic fatalities in Edmonton last year were vulnerable road users,” said Gerry Shimko, executive director with the City of Edmonton’s Office of Traffic Safety.

Speeding and careless driving in neighbourhoods is a top concern for Edmontonians, according to an EPS survey.  “We’ve ticketed someone doing 135 km/h in a park in a 50 zone,  and another doing 87 km/h the other day, so they’re not getting the message,” Cst. Benesch said.

Speed isn’t the only infraction officers are watching for. Distracted driving tickets are handed out on a regular basis.

“It’s amazing how many we write in a day, and we’re not even touching how many are actually out there,” said Cst. Benesch.

“We need to get that message out there:  that split-second that you look down is all it could take. It could mean the difference between being able to stop and striking somebody because you didn’t see them.”

EPS Tips for Drivers:

Watch out for children – If children are playing near or on the street, please use caution, reduce speed, and be prepared to stop quickly. Be alert while driving in residential areas, near park spaces or sports fields.Lookout for pedestrians – Use caution when approaching and traveling through intersections, and don’t count on pedestrians to obey traffic signals or use crosswalks.  Always double check before turning or reversing.  Be careful when driving near people wearing earphones or older adults who may not see or hear a  vehicle approaching.Use caution around bicyclists – Children and inexperienced riders can be unpredictable while riding, so give them adequate space in traffic.  When passing cyclists, slow down, give them space, and do a shoulder check to ensure that it is safe to move back into the lane.Obey the speed limit and other posted signs – Drive the speed limit and for the road conditions.  As a vehicle’s speed increases, so does the distance needed to stop.Be a role model – Teach your children to follow the rules of the road, such as using a crosswalk safely at an intersection, and only crossing after making eye contact with drivers.  Set a good example by driving responsibly, minimizing distractions from electronic devices or phones, and not drinking and driving.

Follow @KarenBartko

Oklahoma residents shaken by earthquakes linked to fracking seek answers – National

WATCH: Oklahoma residents want to know if the shaking is a result of oil and gas exploration.

EDMOND, Okla. – Earthquakes that have shaken Oklahoma communities in recent months have damaged homes, alarmed residents and prompted lawmakers and regulators to investigate what’s behind the temblors – and what can be done to stop them.

Hundreds of people are expected to turn out in Edmond, Oklahoma, on Thursday night for a town hall meeting on the issue.

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  • Almost 100 earthquakes have rattled Chile over 30 days

  • New Zealand’s capital rocked by series of earthquakes

    New CAPP guidelines will monitor, respond to earthquakes caused by fracking

READ MORE: Why fracking may be responsible for increased earthquakes in Oklahoma

Earthquakes used to be almost unheard of on the vast stretches of prairie that unfold across Texas, Kansas and Oklahoma, but they’ve become common in recent years.

Oklahoma recorded nearly 150 between January and the start of May. Most recently, the U.S. Geological Survey recorded a magnitude 3.6 earthquake southwest of Guthrie early Thursday morning.

Though most have been too weak to cause serious damage or endanger lives, they’ve raised suspicions that the shaking might be connected to the oil and gas drilling method known as hydraulic fracturing, especially the wells in which the industry disposes of its wastewater.

Now after years of being harangued by anxious residents, governments in all three states are confronting the issue, reviewing scientific data, holding public discussions and considering new regulations. The states are trying to reconcile the scientific data with the interests of their citizens and the oil and gas industry.

Oklahoma state Rep. Jason Murphey, a Guthrie Republican, said though the damage from quakes hasn’t been serious, it’s still a big problem for his constituents. He said residents have reported cracks in interior and exterior walls, doors that no longer close properly, trim that is separating and even foundation problems.

“Those types of reports are becoming commonplace,” Murphey said.

WATCH: Timelapse map of earthquakes across Oklahoma

Murphey said many of his constituents believe there’s a relationship between the earthquakes and injection wells that are used to dispose of wastewater from oil and natural gas drilling operations.

Austin Holland, a research seismologist with the Oklahoma Geological Survey, said the agency is closely monitoring the area’s seismic activity to determine whether the earthquakes are a natural phenomenon or are man-made.

“It’s one thing to have suspicions. It’s another thing to demonstrate that scientifically,” Holland said. “We have a lot of faults in Oklahoma.”

Seismologists already know that hydraulic fracturing – which involves blasting water, sand and chemicals deep into underground rock formations to free oil and gas – can cause microquakes that are rarely strong enough to register on monitoring equipment.

However, fracking also generates vast amounts of wastewater, far more than traditional drilling methods. The water is pumped into so-called injection wells, which send the waste thousands of feet underground. No one knows for certain exactly what happens to the liquids after that. Scientists wonder whether they could trigger quakes by increasing underground pressures and lubricating faults.

READ MORE: Gros Morne National Park and the war over fracking

Another concern is whether injection well operators could be pumping either too much water into the ground or pumping it at exceedingly high pressures.

Matt Skinner, a spokesman for the Oklahoma Corporation Commission, which regulates the oil and gas industry in the state, said the agency is monitoring the activity of every injection well in a seismically active area.

“We’re looking for anomalies,” Skinner said. “This is not an abstract exercise in policymaking. The reason that we’re all here is that it’s frightening.”

In Texas, residents from Azle, a town northwest of Fort Worth, who have endured hundreds of small quakes, went to the state capitol earlier this year to demand action by the state’s chief oil and gas regulator, known as the Railroad Commission. The commission hired the first state seismologist, and lawmakers formed the House Subcommittee on Seismic Activity.

After Kansas recorded 56 earthquakes between last October and April, the governor appointed a three-member task force to address the issue.

–Associated Press writers Emily Schmall in Azle, Texas, and Kristi Eaton in Oklahoma City contributed to this report.

©2014The Canadian Press

Saskatoon medical simulation centre aims to help patient safety – Saskatoon

Watch above: medical simulation centre first of its kind in Saskatchewan

SASKATOON – For almost any scenario you can think of, healthcare professionals in Saskatchewan can now simulate it.

Jan Hiebert and Shelly Luhning worked for years together in the emergency department at Royal University Hospital but it wasn’t until reconnecting at SIAST that they came up with the idea for the Saskatoon Institute for Medical Simulation (SIMS).

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“We develop things that we’ve been through as healthcare practitioners, so we customize it as well, if the trainees want something that maybe they’ve dealt with in the past we can recreate that,” said Shelly Luhning, SIMS co-founder and COO.

According to a Canadian Adverse Events study, preventable medical errors claim about 28,000 Canadians yearly. SIMS is hoping to decrease that number.

“Any time your going to start a new business or a new journey, it’s about finding where the gaps are, finding out where the needs are and seeing how we can fill them and we certainly do think we’re going to fill that patient safety gap,” said Jan Hiebert, SIMS co-founder and CEO.

SIMS has been in operation since January and already has a number of health regions in the province on board including Saskatoon.

SIMS doesn’t just hold training in house; it provides the education across Saskatchewan.

“It’s hands on, it meets their level of practice and clinical relevance and they walk out learning more then just the content, they learn how to apply it how to transfer it and they get refreshers how to do that well,” said Dr. Paul Olszynski, an emergency physician with Saskatoon Health Region .

“We can take all kinds of courses whether it’s online or in the classroom and this is just another avenue to make us that much better for the community,” said assistant fire Morgan Hackl with Saskatoon Fire Department.

SIMS offers a full list of course offerings.

Monday June 30th on The Morning News

The Morning News team will be up and working hard on the Monday before Canada Day – delivering your news headlines and weather details. Our reporter Julia Wong will also be here with a round-up of some Canada Day events happening in our wonderful city on Tuesday. We’ll also have the following entertaining and informative segments:

At 6:45 we’ll have an encore presentation of Crystal Garrett’s story looking at the life and career ofMary Mohammed, founder of Mary’s Bread Basket, reflects back on her life in Halifax.

There’s a core team of health professionals ready to help Nova Scotia get healthier by getting active.  Dr. Nicholas Giacomantonio and Brett Barro will visit at 7:15 to promote Heartland Tour 2014.   It’s a chance for Nova Scotians of all ages to ride, walk and learn – and even get tested for some common heart health risks.

It’s the day Golf fans in this province have been waiting for! GOLFest NS tees off at New Ashburn Golf Course with the RBC Canada Cup. Nova Scotian Crystal is behind the creation of the trophy for the event and at 7:45 we’ll get a sneak peek at the bling before it makes its way into the hands of a PGA golfer!

As summer starts to warm up, you may find yourself looking for a good book or two to help beat the heat. At 8:15 we’ll get some tips on some good reads for the summer from the Atlantic Publisher’s Carolyn Guy and Freelance publisher Kathy Chapman.

Just as the weather heats so might the housing market in Halifax? We’ll find out when Realtor and TV personality Vanessa Roman drops by at 8:45 with the latest and greatest on Real Estate in our city.

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Longtime N.B. Tory to seek NDP nomination for fall provincial election – New Brunswick

FREDERICTON – A member of the Progressive Conservative caucus in New Brunswick is going to seek an NDP nomination in September’s provincial election.

Bev Harrison represents Hampton-Kings as a Conservative MLA in the legislature but will seek the NDP nomination in the new riding of Hampton.

“I see a new NDP that has matured. It’s not the old party. It’s a party that has modernized, become more realistic and is offering real solutions,” he told reporters Friday.

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In early May, the 72-year-old announced he was retiring, but his statement only said he would not seek re-election in his riding of Hampton-Kings.

Harrison was first elected as a Progressive Conservative member of the legislature in 1978 and has been reelected six times since.

He’s been sitting as a Conservative consecutively since 1999 and was the legislature’s Speaker for two terms.

He was defeated in 1987 when the Liberals won every seat in the house under then premier Frank McKenna, but was re-elected in 1999 and in every election since.

In 2009, Harrison was active in trying to revitalize the Conservative Party’s youth membership. Now he says the party is a ‘top-down management’ sort of government.

“David Alward is a very decent guy. He’s concerned of others, pleasant to talk to, he’s always concerned when people have a difficulty they weren’t expecting. And for that, he deserves all the respect anyone can give,” Harrison said of the current premier.

Leader of the NDP Dominic Cardy said he’s “honoured to welcome Harrison to the NDP.”

“Clearly, someone with Bev’s experience comes in with an advantage in any nomination,” he said.

PC Party president Jason Stephen said they never want to see someone leave the party. But he said the party wants fair nominations in every riding, and therefore could not ‘simply hand Harrison the nomination.’

B.C. group blasts aboriginal affairs minister over Métis audits – Winnipeg

OTTAWA – Aboriginal Affairs Minister Bernard Valcourt is being accused of dragging his feet over allegations of poor financial management at the Metis National Council.

The Canadian Press reported Wednesday on a draft of an audit that said the council is paying a numbered company owned by its Manitoba affiliate “more than it should” to rent office space.

The council vehemently disputes that finding.

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In a letter to Valcourt released Thursday, the head of the B.C. Metis Federation says it appears no one at Aboriginal Affairs seems concerned about the findings of an Ottawa consulting firm enlisted to audit the council and its provincial affiliates.

“To stand by and allow mismanagement, misspending and ignoring your own audits and Senate recommendations is truly disappointing,” writes federation president Keith Henry.

“Many of your staff addressing Metis issues do not support public transparency and accountability, and I can assure you that this is no longer acceptable, nor should it have been for the years it was allowed and enabled to carry on with the full support and approval of your department.”

Officials in the minister’s office say the matter has already been dealt with through the signing in April 2013 of a renewed Metis protocol and a new governance and financial accountability accord.

But that was before details of the audits of the council and its provincial affiliates became public.

The Canadian Press first reported that the council and its provincial affiliates had come under scrutiny for their management practices and financial controls.

It also emerged that the council enlisted a convicted sex offender to work with survivors of residential schools, the church-run institutions where children endured physical, emotional and sexual abuse.

Valcourt’s office once again repeated its earlier statement about the council — just as it did on Wednesday — urging it to continue “taking the necessary steps to strengthen its financial accountability to its members and all Canadians.”

The B.C. Metis Federation met earlier with month with Aboriginal Affairs officials and staff from Valcourt’s office. The organization wants to be recognized as a credible alternative to the Metis Nation British Columbia, which is a governing member of the Metis National Council.

The two rival groups are locked in a public battle that has gone all the way to the Canadian Human Rights Commission.

The commission is now looking into an allegation that the federal government discriminated against some Metis people by only funding the MNBC and not the federation.

The federation accuses the MNBC of restricting membership and limiting access to federally funded programs and services. The federation alleges that by funding only the MNBC, the federal government is excluding those Metis not among its ranks.

All of these issues arise at a pivotal moment for the Metis, who stand to become a powerful force in aboriginal politics, depending on the eventual outcome of a long-standing court battle.

The Congress of Aboriginal Peoples and several Metis and non-status Indians took the federal government to court in 1999, alleging discrimination because they were not considered “Indians” under a section of the Constitution Act.

Last year, the Federal Court recognized them as “Indians” under the Constitution, a ruling largely upheld earlier this year by the Federal Court of Appeal.

Depending on if and when the federal government appeals that finding, a final decision would begin a long legal process that might eventually open the door to financial benefits and more programs and services for Metis people.

Follow @steve_rennie on 桑拿会所

©2014The Canadian Press

7 defining moments that shaped Canada in the last 150 years – National

“The great themes of Canadian history are as follows: Keeping the Americans out, keeping the French in, and trying to get the Natives to somehow disappear” – Will Ferguson, Canadian author and satirist.

Ferguson’s caustic quote from his novel, Why I Hate Canadians, captures Canada’s internal struggle for unique identity, with its inability to reconcile the horrific actions taken against indigenous populations.

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READ MORE: Canada 150 celebrations will cost taxpayers half a billion

In just 150 years, Canada has made its mark in the the history books as a country that has struggled to emerge from its British-colonial roots, yet has made huge strides to become a beacon of human rights.

“[Canada] has seen the kind of changes from very much a dependence on Britain to a country that stands alone on the world,” said author and historian Christopher Moore.

And although Canada has existed for nearly 500 years, here are 7 defining moments from the last 150 years as put together from interviews with Canadian authors and historians.

Constitution Act of 1867

Charlottetown Prince Edward Island Sept. 1864 Historical Events – Several of the Fathers of Confederation photographed at the Charlottetown Conference in Sept. 1864 where they had gathered to consider the union of the British North American Colonies. Sir John A. Macdonald and Georges Etienne Cartier are in the foreground (National Archives of Canada)

On March 29, 1867, the British North America Act (BNA Act) was passed by British Parliament, creating the Dominion of Canada.

“The basic structure of how this country operates from one side of the country to the other, and the provinces and how we govern ourselves is still based on that document that was put together in the 1860s,” Moore said. “That is a remarkable thing.”

READ MORE: How Canada freed the Netherlands, forging a lifelong friendship

The idea for a union was first created three years earlier by some of Canada’s founding fathers, including John A. Macdonald, George-Étienne Cartier and George Brown, among others.

“We’ve grown from three million to 35 million, and yet somehow we’ve remained basically with that federal structure and that government structure that we’ve had since 1867,” said Moore.

The BNA Act created a federal state between three colonies — the Province of Canada (Ontario and Québec), Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The act also gave a blueprint for the distribution of powers between the central Parliament and the provincial legislatures.

Manitoba was added in 1870, followed by British Columbia (1871), Prince Edward Island (1873), Alberta and Saskatchewan (1905). Squabbling between the provinces meant Newfoundland wouldn’t join until 1949. The Northwest Territories joined in 1870, then Yukon (1898), and Nunavut in 1999.

Persons Case of 1929

The Famous Five – the group that fought to have women declared persons. (CP PHOTO/Files-Calgary Herald/CP)

For Canadian author and historian Charlotte Gray, whose latest book is The Promise of Canada, the work of five women activists stands out as a “crucial” moment for the country and its constitution.

The Supreme Court of Canada ruled in 1928 that women were not “persons” under the British North America Act and could not be appointed to the Senate.

READ MORE: Young women fill House of Commons on International Women’s Day

The group of women, which included Emily Murphy and Nellie McClung, appealed to the Privy Council of England. The appeal led to a stunning reversal of the court’s decision in 1929.

Gray said it wasn’t only a hugely liberating moment for women, but also helped to define Canada’s constitution as a “living” document.

“That our constitution should take into account changes in society, this is a huge difference between Canada and particularly the Supreme Court in the United States, which has this doctrine of [originalism],” said Gray.

The Indian Act and Residential Schools

One of the five residential schools named in a class action lawsuit: an orphanage and boarding school in St. Anthony, Newfoundland, c. 1910.

Courtesy, Ches Crosbie Barristers

First introduced in 1867, The Indian Act has had a far-reaching and devastating effect on First Nations communities across Canada, said James Daschuk, an assistant professor in health studies at the University of Regina and author of Clearing the Plains: Disease, Politics of Starvation and the Loss of Aboriginal Life.

READ MORE: The changing face of Canada, from 150 years ago to today

The Act outlined Ottawa’s responsibilities for deciding Indian status, local First Nations governments and the management of reserve land. Today it still rules around reserves, guardianship of youth and children, and management of band resources and elections.

“It affects First Nations people from cradle to grave,” said Daschuk. “For 140 years, it’s been the legislation that has served to marginalize and impoverish indigenous people.”

READ MORE: What happened to Jim? Experiments on Canada’s indigenous populations

The Indian Act also provided funding for residential schools, a network of schools that removed children from their families and the influence of their culture. Survivors of residential schools have offered disturbing accounts of horrific sexual, physical and psychological abuse.

“Residential schools were the most tragic and cruel establishments,” Gray said. “Very, very quickly these institutions became just agents of the state to try and eliminate and eradicate native culture.”

READ MORE: What was the ‘60s Scoop’? Aboriginal children taken from homes a dark chapter in Canada’s history

Second World War

Members of the Royal Canadian Medical Corps evacuating Allied soldiers from the beach after the Dieppe, France raid during the Second World War.

The Associated Press

Canada fought valiantly at battles in the First World War — including Vimy Ridge and Hill 70 — but its decision to enter the Second World War of its own accord helped define itself as an independent country.

At 11 a.m. on Sept. 3, 1939, Britain declared war on Germany two days after more than 250,000 Nazis marched into Poland. But rather than Canada rushing to join Britain, like Australia and New Zealand, Ottawa waited a full seven days before it officially entered the fray.

READ MORE: More than half of First World War records now online

Between 1939 and 1945, more than one million Canadian men and women served full-time in the armed services, according to Historica Canada, with more than 43,000 people killed. Canada’s sacrifice during the war was embodied in heroic campaigns from Dieppe to Ortona and Juno Beach.

READ MORE: Mapping 6,160 Torontonians killed in three wars

Discovery of oil

Alberta’s first oilsands operation (called Bitumont) on the shore of Athabasca River, is seen from the air near Fort McMurray, Alta., Monday, Sept. 19, 2011. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jeff McIntosh

In 1875, Canada’s Geological Survey discovered the presence of a black, gooey substance in Alberta. The oilsands would have a dramatic impact on the country’s economy and political landscape.

“The discovery of oil in Alberta confirmed that this country had resources for the 20th century,” Gray said. “We were set to have a fairly healthy economy throughout the 20th century.”

WATCH: Alberta takes steps to cap oilsands emissions

Canada’s oilsands, which attracted $34 billion in investment in 2014 alone, have been at once an economic driver of the 20th century and source of major political tension between the federal government and provinces.

The industry has created enormous wealth for Canada and Alberta, but has also been targeted by environmental groups as contributing to climate change.

Universal health care

Former NDP leader Tommy Douglas poses in Ottawa in this Oct. 19, 1983 file photo.


Canadian medicare was borne out of fiery debate in the 1960s, when Saskatchewan Premier Tommy Douglas held up a belief that all residents should have a basic level of health care.

“[Douglas] just overrode the established interests of the insurance companies, the status quo of financial companies and the doctor’s union,” Gray said, adding that doctors in the province went on strike for 23 days as the province was thrown into chaos.

READ MORE: Is Canada’s health-care system ready for our rapidly greying population?

Douglas would go on to lead the newly formed NDP, and 10 years later all provinces would adopt similar health care systems.

Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 1982

The Queen signs Canada’s constitutional proclamation in Ottawa on April 17, 1982 as Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau looks on. With the stroke of a pen by the Queen in Ottawa, Canada had its own Constitution, one of the many notable dates in the history of the country. Canada marks its 147th birthday July 1.


On April 17, 1982, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau looked on as the Queen signed Canada’s Constitution and its Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

“The [Constitution and Charter of Rights] is hugely important,” Dashcuk said, noting that it granted greater equality and civil rights for all Canadians.

READ MORE: Canada’s Charter remains a flawed document that no politician dares try to fix

The Charter protects freedom of expression, the right to a democratic government, the right to live and seek work anywhere in Canada, the legal rights of people accused of crimes, indigenous peoples’ rights, the right to equality (including gender equality), among many other rights.

And while some Canadians hold this document up above all others, Global News’ chief political correspondent David Akin points out that for many Quebecers, Conservatives, New Democrats and indigenous Canadians, the Constitution and the Charter can be problematic documents that need to be challenged.

*With files from the Canadian Press

©2017Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

On wings of e-cigarettes, company to sell product that heats tobacco – National

RICHMOND, Va. – Philip Morris International Inc. is hoping to capitalize on the growing appetite for alternatives to traditional smokes like e-cigarettes with a new Marlboro-branded product that heats tobacco rather than burning it.

The world’s second-biggest tobacco company on Thursday detailed its plans to release the Marlboro HeatSticks in cities in Japan and Italy later this year, with further expansion plans in 2015.

The products represent another run at improving heating technologies that failed when originally introduced in the 1990s.

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The short, cigarette-like sticks are heated to maximum of 660 degrees Fahrenheit (350 degrees Celsius) in a hollow pen-like device called iQOS (pronounced EYE-cohs) to create a tobacco-flavoured nicotine vapour. Unlike popular e-cigarettes that use liquid nicotine, HeatSticks contain real tobacco, a point the company believes will make them more attractive to cigarette smokers.

READ MORE: Should officials ban cigarette sales to new smokers? Take our poll

It’s one of several so-called “reduced-risk” products Philip Morris International plans to test as the industry diversifies beyond traditional cigarettes amid declining demand.

Products like the HeatSticks “represent a potential paradigm shift for the industry, public health and adult smokers,” CEO Andre Calantzopoulos said during an investor day presentation Thursday.

The company, based in New York and Switzerland, has spent about $2 billion over more than a decade on development of the products and expects that iQOS would boost its profit by $700 million when sales reach 30 billion units.

The overseas Marlboro maker announced plans in January to invest up to 500 million euros (about $680 million) for two plants in Italy to make the products.

On Tuesday, the company said in addition to its own cigarette alternatives, it purchased U.K.-based e-cigarette maker Nicocigs Ltd. Financial terms were not disclosed.

READ MORE: Are e-cigarette poisonings on the rise in Canada?

In the 1990s, the contraptions that heat tobacco rather than burning it didn’t pass muster with smokers. Even though the products left no lingering odour and didn’t produce ashes, they tasted different than cigarettes and were more difficult to use.

Now, a surging e-cigarette industry has tobacco companies hoping for a resurgence of the technologies that some argue are less harmful than lighting up.

With the health risks associated with traditional cigarettes and changes in societal expectations, it’s no wonder many of the world’s 1 billion smokers want to quit or try other tobacco alternatives. In the U.S., nearly half of the nation’s 42 million adult smokers try to quit each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

In more recent years, much of the attention to quitting has steered away from nicotine gum and patches to electronic cigarettes, which many smokers credit with helping them kick the habit.

HeatSticks build on Accord – a product with a clunky pager-like heater in which smaller cigarettes were inserted – that was test-marketed in the late 1990s by Philip Morris USA, which spun off its international business in 2008 and is owned by Richmond, Virginia-based Altria Group Inc.

READ MORE: U.S. officials want to regulate e-cigarettes – is Canada following?

One of its other products in development resembles Eclipse, a cigarette introduced by competitor R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. in the mid-1990s that used a carbon tip that heated tobacco after being lit by a lighter.

“Smokers then considered Eclipse to be a very foreign, very different, very novel concept in smoking, where today, compared to electronic cigarettes, tobacco heating cigarettes are much more familiar,” said J. Brice O’Brien, head of consumer marketing for Reynolds.

Reynolds hasn’t announced plans to reinvigorate Eclipse, but it is still in limited distribution and one of the top-selling brands in the cafeteria at the company’s Winston-Salem, North Carolina, headquarters.

Philip Morris International and former parent company Altria have agreed to share their technology for electronic cigarettes and other new alternatives to traditional cigarettes, so HeatSticks could potentially be marketed in the U.S. eventually.

Both companies have noted the potential for the products to be less risky than traditional cigarettes and could apply to the Food and Drug Administration in the U.S. to market them as such.

Michael Felberbaum can be reached at 杭州桑拿按摩论坛杭州夜生活twitter杭州夜网/MLFelberbaum.